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Wednesday, May 5, 2021

INS Vikramaditya - The latest and largest ship of the Indian Navya

 

INS Vikramaditya - The latest and largest ship of the Indian Navy

 INS Vikramaditya is the newest and largest ship to join the Indian Navy on November 16, 2013. The ship was launched on 16 November 13 by Mr. AK Antony, Minister of Defense in Russia.


INS Vikramaditya

  • STOBAR CARRIER
  • Displacement: 44,500 t
  • Length OA: 284 m
  • Maximum beam: 60 m
  • Speed: more than 30 ktss
  • 04 Propellers
  • Powered by 08 boilers,
  • Aircraft components: MiG-29K, Kamov-31, Kamov-28, Seeking, ALH, Chetak


Background

As we achieved our independence, our visionary leaders saw the centrality of a powerful navy and set us on the right path by envisioning an Indian navy focused on aircraft carriers for sea control in our vast areas of maritime interest. INS Vikrant, India's first aircraft carrier was acquired from Great Britain and launched on 04 March 1961. The INS Vikrant Majestic was a carrier of the Catatubar (Catapult Assisted Take Off but Return of Arrest) and operated Sea Hawk Fighters, Allied (Anti-Submarine Warfare) aircraft and Helicopter Search. Consistent with his vision, India got ahead of HMS Hermes, a Centaur class STOVL carrier and P te victims of the Falklands War. INS Virat was commissioned on 12 May 1987 as India's first STOVL carrier to operate India's second aircraft carrier and Sea Harrier aircraft. Immediately after the acquisition of INS Virat, INS Vikrant was also switched from October Carrier to STOVL (Short Take-and-F and Vertical Landing) carriers. INS Vikrant was revoked in 1997 after 36 years of proud service under Indian authorities. There have been two aircraft carriers in India for almost a decade and the Indian Navy was fully aware of the criticism that aircraft carriers were available for deployment at every coast to fulfill the assigned tasks of the Navy. Recognizing the importance of aircraft carriers, the Indian Navy has already begun exploring the possibility of designing and building indigenously aircraft carriers, a project that rightly began in the late 90's with the idea of ​​an air defense ship. However, given the long gestation period of such projects, INS. The search for a replacement for Vikrant gained momentum as his disposal approached.


It was at this time that Russia offered Admiral Gorshkov to the Indian Navy. Negotiations to acquire 44,500,000 tons of Admiral Gorshkov began in 1994. Various high-level delegates who evaluated the ship independently concluded that the ship's hull was in good material condition and the appropriate combination of aircraft would be worth considering for exploitation in the Indian Navy. .


Signing the contract

After detailed talks, the two countries signed a memorandum of understanding in December 1998 during a visit by Russian Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov. The international agreement, which included the acquisition of Project 11430 (Admiral Gorshkov), was signed on 04 October 2000 between the Russian Federation and the Center of the Government of India. After detailed project development review, contract negotiations and subsequent price negotiations, the government approved on 17 January 04 Rs. Acquisition at a cost of Rs.4881.67 crore. The deals were signed on 20 January 04 and the effective date of the agreement was established as 24 February 04. The R&R of the ship started from 09 April 04.



The repair and refit was being carried out by FSUE Sevamash, a state-owned shipyard in Severodvinsk, Russia. R&R was to be completed within 52 months. Although the renovation process was started with a decent bounty, it was soon realized that the required work and equipment in return was significantly higher than the original estimate. The full length of the cable, large parts of the steel hull, motors, turbines and boilers, etc. will have to be completely replaced as a result of cost change and slippage over time.


A lengthy re-negotiation was held in the coming months to reach a mutually acceptable price for the renovation. Finally, in December 2009, the Indian and Russian parties reached an agreement on the final cost of delivery of the ship. More significantly, it was agreed that the ship would be delivered only in 2012. Although the cost of renegotiating was significantly higher than originally agreed, Gorshkov's addition would add to the blue water. Indian naval requirements compensated for the higher cost.

New incarnation 'Vikramaditya'

An aircraft carrier carrying powerful long-range multi-role fighters is an inherently designed platform for power launches. Just as Gorshkov was transformed into Vikramaditya, so will Vikramaditya be the face of the Indian Navy's Fleet Air Arm.


INS Vikramaditya - The latest and largest ship of the Indian Navy

Important link 

INS VIKRAMADITYA નો વિડીયો અહીંથી જુઓ

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