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Monday, September 21, 2020

Tapak sinchai Yojana

 

Tapak sinchai Yojana


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The concept of more crops per drop is being implemented keeping in mind the development of irrigation resources.  That is, we will not spend too much water in irrigation items and will take advantage of every drop that is suitable for irrigation for the crop.  This will not only reduce the expenditure on irrigation items, but will also make the dream of taking more yield at a lower cost.  Rather, the dream of getting higher yield at a lower cost will also be realized.  The goal of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Irrigation Yojana launched by the Central Government is to irrigate the fields of every farmer and make arrangements to produce 'more crops per drop'.



Blind irrigation systems make farmers self-sufficient


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 Due to increasing population and industrialization, the area of   arable land is decreasing rapidly.  In such a situation, by increasing the production of irrigated land irrigated, along with increasing the area of   cultivation can also be saved.  When the farm gets enough water for irrigation, crop production will automatically increase.  Keeping this formula in mind, the government is emphasizing on one drop more crop i.e. more crop per drop.  This scheme, started by the central government in 2014-15, is now beginning to climb.  The budget for irrigation items has also been increased under this formula.  The way irrigation projects are being strengthened, the effect of this is beginning to show.  income by 2022.  All such provisions have been made in this budget.  In this, special attention has been given to the drip irrigation system.  This reduces water consumption, reduces electricity costs and also reduces human labor.  Soil fertility is also not affected.  In this way, the drip irrigation system has brought a new revolution in the agricultural sector.  The reasoning behind this is that a large population in the country lives in rural areas.  It consists mostly of farmers.  The progress of farmers will bring prosperity in the country.  To maintain this prosperity, similar arrangements have to be implemented in the plains and mountainous regions.  The aim will be to increase production in the mountainous region along with the plain.  To achieve this goal, the role of the drip irrigation system is important.  Irrigation cannot be done in the plateau area, but with the introduction of the drip irrigation system, the crops here are also getting water.  Keeping this in mind, the Union Government has given unprecedented priority to the subjects of agriculture and farmer welfare in the budget 2019-20.


 The Prime Minister has formulated a seven-point strategy, realizing the dream of making farmers self-reliant and prosperous.  In this, the principle of 'more crops per drop' has been put in the first place.  Special emphasis has been laid on irrigation with adequate resources in this direction.  Similarly, provision of quality seeds and nutrients has also been made according to the soil quality of each farm.


 The government has taken the initiative to improve the economic condition of the farmers as well as the economic condition of the farmers by expanding other factors including irrigation in agricultural reforms.  To attract farmers towards horticultural crops, the government has given preference to horticulture in the drip irrigation system.  Additional grant has been made for this.  Most farmers are also using this system under grant.  This has increased the scope of horticulture in the non-irrigated area and accordingly the production is also increasing.



Benefit gained from NABARD inclusion


 The government has approved the Micro Irrigation Fund with NABARD under the Pradhan Mantri Agricultural Irrigation Scheme.  Farmers are benefiting from this.  Now, with the NABARD, an initial amount of Rs 5,000 crore has been approved to establish a dedicated Micro Irrigation Fund (MiF) under the Prime Minister Agricultural Irrigation Scheme (PMKSY).  The allocated amount of Rs 2,000 crore and Rs 3,000 crore is being used during 2018-19 and 2019-20 respectively.  NABARD will pay loans to the state governments during this period.  The loan amount received from NABARD can be returned in seven years with a grace period of two years.  The proposed rate of loan under the MiF has been kept at 3 percent, which is less than the cost of raising funds by NABARD.  Its expenditure can be met from the current PMKSY-PDMC scheme by modifying the current guidelines.  Its total financial impact on interest rate assistance will be around Rs 750 crore.  The advantage of this will be that the dedicated micro irrigation fund will effectively and timely fulfill the dream of 'more crops per drop' under the Prime Minister Agricultural Irrigation Scheme.


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