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Monday, September 21, 2020

RTE Pravesh prakriya second round babat paripatra

 RTE Pravesh prakriya second round babat paripatra

Main topic


The Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act was passed from the Parliament of India in August 2009 and from 1 April 2010 this law came into force throughout the country.  After this, the Central and State Governments were legally obliged to provide free and compulsory education to all the children of India from six to 14 years of age.



 The coming of the Right to Education (RTE) was definitely a historic step.  For the first time after 62 years of independence, a law was enacted that enabled all children between 6 and 14 years to have the fundamental right to get free and compulsory education.  Certainly this law has its limitations such as keeping children below the age group of 6 years and above 14 years out of the purview of this law, not giving enough emphasis on quality of education and private schools with 25 percent reservation.  Accelerate the stampede.


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Ten Year Journey - Achievement and Challenges


 The journey of ten years of RTE has been like walking on knees.  The achievements of the Right to Education Act are limited after a decade, on the contrary questions have been raised.  During the last ten years only the central and state governments responsible for implementing this law have been seen to be giving up their pursuit of it.


 Since education is not an issue in the politics of our country, the central and state governments have been indifferent in implementing RTE during the last ten years.  Ten years have been witness to how the infrastructure of school education in India has been struggling with the appointment of adequate teachers, neglect of governments for quality education.


 In terms of achievements, the journey of a decade of the Right to Education Act has proved to be the right to enroll in schools for all.  The biggest achievement during this period is the enrollment of about 6 to 14 years old children in schools, we have also managed to increase the number of primary schools.


 Today an elementary school is available at or near every habitation.  Apart from this, the infrastructure of the schools has also improved, today most schools have separate toilets for boys and girls.  However, there is still a problem of water and sanitation in them.


 Talking about the challenges, during the last ten years, RTE has failed to ensure quality education in government schools.  Enrollment in primary schools has been done, but the challenge of remaining children in schools still remains.  Along with this, even today, on a large scale, government schools are facing infrastructural facilities, necessary resources, environment for education and acute shortage of teachers.


 In the report tabled in Parliament in the last week of February 2020 by the Parliamentary Committee affiliated to the Ministry of Human Resource Development, concern has been expressed on the infrastructure of government schools.  According to the report, so far, only 56 percent of the government schools in the country have been able to get electricity, out of which only 20 percent of the schools in Madhya Pradesh and Manipur have access to electricity.


 Similarly, less than 57 percent of schools in the country have a sports ground.  It has been told in the report that even today more than one lakh government schools in the country are running on the trust of single teachers.  Here, there has also been a decrease in the budget of education since 2014-15.  The budget allocated for education in 2014-15 was 4.14 percent of the total budget of the Government of India, which has increased to 3.4 percent in 2019-20.

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